What is KYC in Banking? Updated

“Officially Valid Document” (OVD) means the passport, the driving licence, 16proof of possession of Aadhaar number, the Voter’s Identity Card issued by the Election Commission of India, job card issued by NREGA duly signed by an officer of the State Government and letter issued by the National Population Register containing details of name and address. 10“Digital KYC” means the capturing live photo of the customer and officially valid document or the proof of possession of Aadhaar, where offline verification cannot be carried out, along with the latitude and longitude of the location where such live photo is being taken by an authorised officer of the RE as per the provisions contained in the Act. V. 9“Certified Copy” – Obtaining a certified copy by the RE shall mean comparing the copy of the proof what is compliance for brokers of possession of Aadhaar number where offline verification cannot be carried out or officially valid document so produced by the customer with the original and recording the same on the copy by the authorised officer of the RE as per the provisions contained in the Act. 7Where the customer is a partnership firm, the beneficial owner is the natural person(s), who, whether acting alone or together, or through one or more juridical person, has/have ownership of/entitlement to more than 10 percent of capital or profits of the partnership or who exercises control through other means. The financial institution checks the transactions conducted by the customer/client, and any transaction that is different/high-valued, frequent, etc., is flagged automatically and then undergoes stringent manual checks.

This procedure shall also be followed in case of any designated individual/ entity being a partner of Limited Liabilities Partnership Firms registered with ROC or beneficial owner of such firms. REs are prohibited from conducting transactions with designated persons and entities and accordingly, in addition to compliance with Chapter IX of the Master Direction, REs shall ensure that they do not process cross-border transactions of designated persons and entities. Further, if it is established that an account opened and operated is that of a Money Mule, but no STR was filed by the concerned bank, it shall then be deemed that the bank has not complied with these directions.

The nature and depth of the regulatory risk and compliance check depend on the expected level of risk. The Electronic Know Your Client or Electronic Know Your Customer (e-KYC) is a concept wherein the customers’ identity and residential address are electronically verified through Aadhaar authentication. Once established, this mechanism would help the KYC implementation on one occasion while enabling all the intermediaries involved to access a prospective customer’s number for getting their KYC status.

As part of the due diligence process, the bank would also need an introduction from a person known to the bank, in case it seems necessary to do so. KYC checks are one of the top three challenges corporate treasurers face in their banking relationships. Across these connections, more value than ever moves across the world each day, making it more difficult to stop and prevent illegal financial activities.

What is Know Your Client (KYC)

(a) The ‘at par’ cheque facility offered by commercial banks to co-operative banks shall be monitored and such arrangements be reviewed to assess the risks including credit risk and reputational risk arising therefrom. (b) 136The REs shall, at their option, not issue UCIC to all walk-in/occasional customers provided it is ensured that there is adequate mechanism to identify such walk-in customers who have frequent transactions with them and ensure that they are allotted UCIC. (b) In terms of provision of Rule 9(1A) of the PML Rules, the REs shall capture customer’s KYC records and upload onto CKYCR within 10 days of commencement of an account-based relationship with the customer. (c) While considering the requests for data/information from Government and other agencies, REs shall satisfy themselves that the information being sought is not of such a nature as will violate the provisions of the laws relating to secrecy in the transactions.

Automated tools can efficiently analyze vast amounts of data, cross-reference information with external databases, and flag any potential risks or discrepancies. Many organizations leverage automated solutions and artificial intelligence algorithms to streamline the process, enhance accuracy, and reduce manual effort. It explained the requirements that all financial institutions operating in the Italian territory must follow. Once the client provides these details, they might have to produce official documents like a driver’s license, ID card, passport, etc.

The database shall be subjected to periodic internal audit/inspection by the RE and shall be available for supervisory review. (a) REs shall carry out ‘Money Laundering (ML) and Terrorist Financing (TF) Risk Assessment’ exercise periodically to identify, assess and take effective measures to mitigate its money laundering and terrorist financing risk for clients, countries or geographic areas, products, services, transactions or delivery channels, etc. 24“On-going Due Diligence” means regular monitoring of transactions in accounts to ensure that those are consistent with RE’s knowledge about the customers, customers’ business and risk profile, the source of funds / wealth. One of the main challenges with traditional Know Your Customer procedures is their resource-intensive nature. Verification of customer identities and backgrounds often require substantial time, labour, and financial resources. On top of this, manual processes can be prone to human errors that may lead to non-compliance and subsequent penalties.

  • Documents needed to complete a KYC procedure include a recent photograph, documents to prove NRI/PIO status, PAN card copy, Aadhaar card copy, Indian and overseas address proof.
  • The primary goal of KYC is to prevent financial crimes, such as money laundering, terrorist financing, fraud, and identity theft.
  • The list would be updated by the CNO, as and when it is updated, as per para 2.1 above, without delay.

KYC regulations are not limited to specific regions and have been implemented across the globe. Many countries, including Australia, Canada, Switzerland, and South Africa, have established their own KYC requirements and regulatory frameworks to ensure compliance with international anti-money laundering (AML) standards set by organizations such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The banks then use this information to understand the client’s fund activity and prepare for any risk. KYC is important for protecting both businesses and their customers from fraud and other financial crimes.

What is Know Your Client (KYC)

The three components of the KYC process are a customer identification program, customer due diligence, and ongoing monitoring. By complying with KYC regulations, individuals and businesses can protect themselves from potential legal and reputational risks while contributing to the financial system’s integrity. For businesses, KYC may include verifying the identities of their customers and suppliers, ensuring they are not involved in any illicit activities.

(e) The ‘live run’ of the CKYCR started from July 15, 2016 in phased manner beginning with new ‘individual accounts’. Accordingly, Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs) are required to invariably upload the KYC data pertaining to all new individual accounts opened on or after January 1, 2017, with CKYCR. SCBs were initially allowed time up-to February 1, 2017, for uploading data in respect of accounts opened during January 2017. (b) Information collected https://www.xcritical.in/ from customers for the purpose of opening of account shall be treated as confidential and details thereof shall not be divulged for the purpose of cross selling, or for any other purpose without the express permission of the customer. (b) In accordance with paragraph 3 of the aforementioned Order, REs shall ensure not to carry out transactions in case the particulars of the individual / entity match with the particulars in the designated list.

All financial institutions are mandated by the RBI to do the KYC process for all customers before giving them the right to carry out any financial transactions. Whether the customer uses KYC online verification or opts for offline KYC, this is a simple one-time process. KYC in the banking sector requires bankers and advisors to identify their customers, beneficial owners of businesses, and the nature and purpose of customer relationships. Banks must also review customer accounts for suspicious and illegal activity and maintain and ensure the accuracy of the customer accounts. « KYC is designed to prevent the banking system from being used as a means for criminal organization or enterprises to finance and conduct illicit activities, » says Koeser.By creating a customer risk profile, a bank can determine what kind of transaction patterns would be normal for them and be able to easily detect suspicious activity.

CIP requires that financial firms must obtain four pieces of identifying information about a client, including name, date of birth, address, and identification number. It is implemented at the onset of the customer-broker relationship to establish the essential personal profile of each customer before any financial recommendations are made. The customer is also made aware of the need to comply with all the laws, regulations, and rules of the securities industry. Know Your Client (KYC) is a standard in the investment industry that ensures advisors can verify a client’s identity and know their client’s investment knowledge and financial profile.

Overcoming these challenges requires a proactive and collaborative approach to cultivate change. In case the documents submitted by the customers do not contain their address details, then they will have to submit another OVD containing their address details. In November 2018, US agencies, including the Federal Reserve, issued a joint declaration encouraging some banks to become increasingly sophisticated in identifying suspicious activity and experimenting with artificial intelligence and digital identity technologies.

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